Of what it goes?
Thus autorretrata Marjane of girl in Persépolis
Page of cómic [you click to extend] in which the moment is related at which in the school of Marjane the children to cover themselves with a handkerchief and the reaction force with these.
Persépolis is the autobiographical history of the Iranian Marjane Satrapi, history of how it grew in an Islamic fundamentalist regime would end up that it taking to leave its country. Cómic begins as of year 1979, when Marjane is ten years old and from its infantile perspective she is witness of a change of articles of incorporation and political that ends more than fifty years of reign of the Shah of Persia in Iran and takes step to an Islamic republic.
Besides being different itself from the other children for being educated to the western style within a family of high class and by parents of progressive ideology and those in favor of moderate Islam, “Marji” (we know as it at the beginning of history) also has a considerable intellectual restlessness for a girl of its age and notable imagination takes that to maintain it conversations with God - al that finds peculiar similar with Karl Marx or to dream about someday getting to be the last prophet who follows the passages of Jesus and Mahoma. The history of ancestors I illustrate (his great-grandfather was the last king of the Persian dynasty of the Qadjar), a family who actively is against the government of the Shah, the manifestations, the difference of social classes or the marginalization of the girl is some of the pieces of puzzle that Marji strives to compose with the intention to include the world surrounds that it. While it is growing, Marjane occurs to account of that the new Islamic regime by that their parents fought has fallen into the hands of the integrists and whom nothing good brings with himself.
In this point the history finishes of first of the four albums that compose Persépolis. The second occupies the period from 1980 to 1984 and has like background the war between Iran and Iraq in the middle of the eighty and beginning of its adolescence, where we will know, for example, of its liking to musical groups prohibited by the Islamic regime, and some of the problems in which youngster by her rebellious character puts already of good. The third album concentrates in the multiple shortages and vital eventful journeys that the author in Austria between 1984 and 1989 will live, where she is sent to live by his parents to as much protect it of the bombings as of the legal problems in which she could finish continuing with his conduct, that not always was adapted to the customs advocated from the Islamic government. The last quarter and will present/display its return to Iran, a time in which realizes its studies of beautiful arts in Tehran, and after living in Europe several years it explains to us as it must return to be accustomed new to the conditions of life under the Shiite regime of the Ayatola.
A work of a doubtless human value, Persépolis comes preceded from a considerable success of sales for a work of its characteristics (30,000 units sold in France in a year) and a handful of prizes between which it emphasizes those of the Hall the Comic de Angouleme (most important of Europe), where the first album gained the Prize to the Author Revelation (Coup of coeur) the 2001 and second the Prize to the Best Script in 2002. Outside France, in the USA he has gained the Harvey Prize to Best Foreign Work 2004, and in Spain Fernando White Buesa was awarded with the First Prize of La Paz. In the United States also 2004 in the Graphical Novel categories Better and Better Foreign Work was name in the Eisner Prizes and again in the edition of 2005 in the Foreign Work category Better, whereas in Spain also it was name in the Prizes of the Hall the Cómic of Barcelona in the category of Better Foreign Work of 2002.
In France the four albums of Persépolis were published between November of 2000 and September of 2003 by L'Association, independent editorial that has in its autobiographical remarkable catalog several cómics like Newspaper of an album of Dupuy and Berberian, My Circunsantacias de Lewis Trondheim or the Ascent of the great one badly of David B.
Finally, to mention that although the drawing of Satrapi is the factor that more done for back of cómic in a first look (the own author recognizes that “at the outset she drew very badly”), nevertheless is surprising appropriate for the tone of the first delivery of history, since the graphism remembers the infantile drawings and increases the sensation to be observing the world indeed through the eyes of a girl.
Persépolis: The film
Trailer in Spanish of Persépolis
The 27 of June of 2007 the film is released in France that both adapts to the animation first albums of cómic, co-directed and cowritten between the own Satrapi and Vincent Paronnaud. The animation is realized entirely in black and white, and that her daughter Chiara Mastroianni tells in the French version with the voices of Catherine Deneuve (admiring confesa of the work of Satrapi) and, in the papers of the mother of Satrapi and the own protogonista respectively. On the occasion of presentation of film within selection official of festival of Dogs in May (something that has not seated or to the Iranian authorities), the animated version of Persépolis has been notica in newspapers the Country (with brief interview to Satrapi), ABC or the Vanguard. For more information, to consult the Web of the film in Castilian. Also three sequences of the largometraje can be seen in Internet. In Spain, the film was released the 31 of October of 2007.
Persépolis has been published in Spain by Publishing Norm, initially in four volumes, appeared between 2002 and 2004, among 76 and 96 pgs by delivery (so large 16,5x24,5 cm - very similar to comic-book-, covers soft with lapels), to a price of 14.00 Euros each. After the appreciable success of the collection in individual his edicón (the collection vió several reprintings, reaching Persépolis #1 the fourth edition), once concluded the series, Publishing Norm published the complete work in an integral volume, first in Catalan (April of 2006) and soon in Castilian (April of 2007).
The integral volume in Castilian is b/n and 8 a 360 volume of pgs pgs color (it covers hard, so large 17x24 cm), published within the Collection Nomadic, with a price of 25.00 Euros. It compiles the four albums that form the collection of Persépolis, plus a comic strip of 6 pgs to color published originally in 2003 in SZ-Magazin #44, and includes an introduction (3 pgs) of David B. (the ascent of the Great one Badly).
The edition in Catalan does not include the eight pages to color nor the introduction of David B., it is published in soft cover with lapels, and has a price of 24.00 Euros.
Like curiosity, to comment that both first albums of Persépolis also were published in Spain in July of 2005 within a collectable one of cómics that published the newspaper the Country and that was sold jointly with the newspaper of optional form.
The word of the critic
“with this work, the Iranian illustrator Marjane Strapi has managed to demonstrate with a stroke of the pen that cómic is able as it they can be Literature or the cinema to reflect with crudity the less sweet episodes of History. (...) Persépolis more concretely constitutes a denunciation of the religious fanaticism and of the repression exerted by the fundamentalists against the Iranian woman. That it is only a symbol of the repression generalized exerted against the woman by those who is created unique proprietors of the Islamic religion: the integrists. But the demolisher of its texts and their drawings in the denunciation of the religious fundamentalism nonenvy in anything to the pages of satanic versicles [of Salman Rushdie] or Children of our district [of Naguib Mahfuz]. And by all means, it exceeds in much to the lukewarm complaints of film directors like his compatriots Abbas Kiarostami or Mohsen Majmalbaf. (...) The secret? A mixture of forcefulness, sarcasm, self-assurance, humor, sensitivity and absence of cheap victimismo, all this materialized in sober illustrations in black and white of appearance naif, sometimes inspired by old Persian paintings.”
-- Beautiful Borja, the World (6/mayo/2002)
“It is a full work of shades that is revealed like fresh of history a most recent iraniana, explained from its personal experiences [of the author]. Satrapi denounces to the intolerance and the repression that the integrismo supposed that ended the life of thousands of people who also had fought to overthrow the tyranny of the Shah. The author ended up marching Iran when she was an adolescent and when receiving the prize [in the Hall Angouleme 2002] declared that in their country “the borders are open officially, but follow closed officiously”.”
-- Carles Santamaría, Avui newspaper (26/enero/2002)
“While cómic American of superheroes has become the imaginative reserve of the commercial cinema, in Europe a new current vindicates the creative and cultural use of means from an author perspective. The autobiography and the comic strip of social background are the ways undertaken by these new creators to demonstrate the use of cómic. Publishing norm prepares the edition in September of Persépolis, one of the most representative examples of this tendency”
-- Jaume Vidal, newspaper the Country (28/agosto/2002)
Marjane Satrapi (Rasht, Iran, 1969) studied Beautiful Arts in Tehran, and tired of the censorship and the discrimination of the woman whom it had to support in his country, in 1994 it left his country finally (it had lived five years in Austria in second half on the 80) to leave to live and to develop his artistic race in France. After his arrival to Paris she makes contact with enemy with L'Association, they animate where it (especially David B., author of the ascent of great badly and that exerted of “historietístico godfather” of Satrapi) to create cómic where to reflect his experiences and their vision of the Iranian society, of that arise at the end of 2000 the Persépolis series. Once concluded the four albums of this work, their following cómics has been the Embroidered autoconclusivos albums (2003), Chicken with plums (2004), both published by L'Association in France and Publishing Norma in Spain, and where it insists on the story inspired by facts real (now of relatives and known) and on the life by Iran.
In other artistic fields, to comment that paralelamente to the accomplishment of Persépolis Satrapi also she wrote and/or she illustrated several books directed to the infantile public: Sagesses ET malices of the Rep (2001), Them monstres n'aiment pas lune (2001), Ulysse au pays of fous (2001) and Ajdar (2002, this last one also published in Spain by Publishing Norm). And by all means, lately the activity that has occupied to him has been the film of animation of Persépolis, where it jointly signs script and direction with Vincent Paronnaud.
- Review of cómic in the newspaper the World
- The News of the appearance of cómic, by Agency EFE
- Review in New York Times, commented in Icv2.com
- Interview in Newsarama (abril/2004)
- Interview with the author in the Newspaper (27/sep/2002)
- Interview in the Avui newspaper (in Catalan, 30/sep/2002)
- Interview in BDSelection (in French)
- Interview in TV (in French) with Satrapi in With C of Art.
- Interview with the author, translated to the Castilian in With C of Art.
- Review of Persépolis in Catalan
- Official Page of the film in Castilian.
- Dossier of press of Publishing Norm of Persépolis.